When one or more teeth are lost due to accident or disease, the best option for their complete removal involves oral surgery. When one or a few teeth must be removed, dental implants are suggested. Implants replace roots and are surgically anchored in the jawbone to stabilize the artificial teeth they are attached to.
The most common teeth to become impacted are wisdom teeth, sometimes known as third molars. These are the last set of teeth to come through the gums. As they emerge from the gum line, the jaw is sometimes large enough to accommodate them. However, more often, one or more of the person’s wisdom teeth fails to emerge properly and becomes impacted between the gum tissue and jawbone. Impacted teeth often result in swelling, infection of the gum tissue surrounding the wisdom teeth, and pain. This can lead to damage to the gums, bone, and surrounding teeth. Left uncared for, it can cause the formation of cysts/tumors which can destroy parts of the jaw. As a result, dentists recommend that patients have impacted teeth surgically removed. Other teeth besides wisdom teeth can become impacted and need to be removed. These include cuspids and the bicuspids.
The upper and lower jaws fail to grow properly or evenly in some individuals. As a result, they may have difficulty with eating, swallowing, breathing, and speaking. More serious problems require oral surgery to move all or part of the jaw into a new position that is more functional, balanced, and healthy.
Over time, supporting bone often deteriorates, causing dentures to no longer fit properly. This can also cause oral surgery to be necessary. Dysfunction of the small joint in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet, called the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), is a common source of facial pain and headache. Most patients with TMJ disorders can be successfully treated with oral medications, splints, and physical therapy. However, joint surgery for advanced cases is sometimes required.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!